What should I do if the sputum is found in the new crown and found that there is blood silk?Can drinking more water detoxification?Zhong Ming Answer

Source: Surging News

After the new crown is infected with the new crown, is the sputum found that there is blood silk. Is it serious?What should patients pay attention to patients at home?When will I go to the hospital?Is it necessary to take "special effects"?Is it really good to drink water desperately?On December 25, Zhong Ming, Director of the Instander Medical Division of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University, was a guest of Shanghai Science Popularization for the Shanghai Science Popularization.

Question: Recently, I have been positive, coughing and sputum, and even blood wires. There are many symptoms of yellow sputum. What drugs do I need to use?

Zhong Ming:

After infection, fever and cough are actually very common, and even cough have some sputum. If this sputum is white foam, this is normal, and the secretions of the upper respiratory tract are normal.Because you have inflammation on the upper respiratory tract, you will be congested. When you cough, this severe airflow will damage the mucous membrane and cause bleeding.The congestive mucosa itself is easy to damage, and blood sputum and blood appear, which is normal.

If there are no special circumstances, there is no need to take any special medicine, and there is no special medicine.Of course, if the cough is particularly severe, affects your life and affect your sleep, you can properly use some antitussive medicines to treat the symptoms.This is just right treatment.

But if yellow sputum and yellow pus appear, it may be different.Normally, the virus infection we call, phlegm will not be yellow, it should be white sticky.If it is yellow pus, it means that bacterial infections may be stimulated.Because when the virus is infected, it will damage your mucosa and may affect the immune barrier function of the original mucosa. This makes the upper respiratory tract contact with bacteria and increase the probability of bacterial infection.Therefore, when the yellow pus appears, a secondary bacterial infection is indeed occurred.

If there is really yellow pus, it is recommended to use a little antibiotics.If penicillin is not allergic, you can use some amoxicillin; if penicillin is allergic, you can use some cephalosporin.

Question: There are patients with hypertension at home, as well as elderly people with basic diseases. If they are infected, what issues need to pay special attention?

Zhong Ming:

If there are elderly people in the family, especially the elderly with high blood pressure, the first thing to do depends on whether the patient’s hypertension is well controlled. If the blood pressure control is stable, it is actually the same as the ordinary elderly.Monitoring, such as chest tightness and shortness of breath, these are the tendency indicators that may cause severe illnesses.If possible, you can also use the blood oxygen meter.

More importantly, it depends on whether the patient’s blood pressure is well controlled during this time.Because the virus is infected with fever, the body will mobilize, including the cardiovascular system will also be mobilized, so the heartbeat will be fast after fever, and the blood pressure will be high.At this time, whether the blood pressure is well controlled during this time. If it is not controlled, the drug may be adjusted; if it is controlled very badly, it may need to go to the hospital and put it under the guidance of the doctor.Blood pressure control is good.Because at this time, the incidence of complications brought by hypertension may increase, such as cerebral hemorrhage and so on.

All in all, during this time, in addition to the increase of the upper respiratory tract, the blood pressure is also very controlled, and it fluctuates greatly, so you need to see a specialist.

Question: Is it necessary to take "special effects"?

Zhong Ming:

Everyone knows that we now have some drugs called "New Crown Special Drugs", mainly antiviral drugs of small molecules.I think there may be some inaccurate in this concept, because it is called "special effects", so everyone has excessive expectations for this drug, and feels that after being infected with the new crown, it will be wrapped in it. In fact, it is not.It is just a drug that can inhibit the replication of the new coronary virus. After taking it, the load of the virus may be lower, and the virus is more likely to be removed by our body.

However, all our medical verifications are currently telling us that what kind of people need to use these drugs?These people who really become intensive tendencies need to be used early.In other words, if your body is good, you will recover for 7 to 10 days, and you don’t need to take this drug at all.Those who are really intensive and high -risk, these people need to take this medicine in the early days.

Question: What situations need to go to the hospital for treatment?

Zhong Ming:

This is also a problem that repeatedly mentioned. According to your self -health monitoring, if you have the tendency of severe illnesses, you feel that you must go to the hospital if you want to become serious or develop in a serious direction.

For example, we are worried that the virus will go down, causing pneumonia, and the manifestation of pneumonia is that there are chest tightness and breath, and the frequency of breathing will be fast. This is some symptoms.We usually sit here and breathe very gentle. If we get heavy, there will be such a manifestation of shortness of breath and chest tightness.

At the same time, it is also a manifestation if the blood oxygen has a significant decline in blood oxygen.In addition, if the consciousness becomes indifferent, such as people who are not silent, they become silent, which is to be vigilant.There are also people who usually have basic diseases. The symptoms of their basic diseases should be familiar. If the original basic disease is worse and the control is not good, they must also go to the hospital.

Question: Do pregnant women need to take medicine, and what do I need to pay attention to?

Zhong Ming:

The principle of pregnant women is the same as the principles of others, but the difference between pregnant women is that different drugs are different to the toxicity of pregnant women. Therefore, when choosing a drug, it depends on the toxicity of the fetus to the fetus.The drug has a classification. If you want to take the heat -town analgesics, you should either use it under the professional guidance of the obstetrician, or take a closer look at the grades of the drug to the pregnant woman when taking the medicine.All drugs are generally distinguished very clearly about whether the fetus is toxic.

Question: Recently, some people will travel on a business trip. How can we protect the plane?

Zhong Ming:

It is recommended to wear a N95 mask to fly, because only the N95 mask is anti -solid.There are usually no air -soluble (except some closed spaces) in normal environments, but in a small and closed space such as aircraft, if there are positive patients, the probability of gas solution is still high.Under the current popular background trend, the probability of positive infection among passengers is high. If you need to take a plane at this time and do not want to be infected, it is recommended to wear the N95 mask, because the medical surgical mask is anti -flying foam.Anti -soluble.

Question: When I get sick, I often encourage everyone to drink more hot water. How much hot water should I drink?

Zhong Ming:

I saw a post on the Internet before, saying that someone got a new crown, because I was very scared, I desperately drank water and had water poisoning.Will the water be poisoned?Drinking water can also be poisoned, but it is not so easy to poison, as long as your kidney function is normal.

Why do you drink the new crown?In fact, it is only because when the fever is fever, in order to maintain normal body temperature, we have to heat the heat.When fever, the main method for our heat dissipation is to evaporate. The higher the body temperature, the more moisture it needs to be evaporated.At this time, people’s dislikes will be more water loss, and they need to supplement this part of the loss of moisture, so go to drink plenty of water.

But drink water.For example, our normal person’s unnamed water loss is 800 milliliters, which is enough to supplement water within a reasonable range.There is a simple principle. If you have dehydration, there may be thirst on the one hand. The second child will be less and the urine output will become less and yellow.These can be monitored. As long as you drink water and drink the urine, it is almost enough, and it is not useful to drink plenty of water.Some people say that drinking plenty of water detoxification, the virus may not be excreted like this, and the virus is mainly removed by our immune system.Therefore, it is important to drink so much water. It is important to drink an appropriate amount of water.

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