The 13 -year -old girl’s belly was covered with "stretch marks", and she had eight months of pregnancy. After she took the CT, her mother was scared.

At the age of 13, Xiaoqing (a pseudonym) just went to junior high school. He usually likes to drink milk tea. He is a fat girl in the eyes of others.

At first, the neighborhood always teased Xiao Qing’s mother, "The little girl is fat again!" Xiao Qing’s mother did not go to her heart, and felt that she was fat, and the child born was normal.

But later, Xiao Qing’s weight gradually rose. At the age of 13, she had 145 pounds, and her belly became bigger and bigger, just like she was pregnant for seven or eight months.

One day, Xiao Qing suddenly felt a little pain at the bottom right of the stomach. He thought it was a menstrual dysmenorrhea and took some painkillers, but he didn’t use it, and his abdominal pain continued.In the evening, it became more and more serious. Seeing Xiaoqing’s mother, she quickly took her hospital to hang the emergency department.

The doctor looked at Xiao Qing’s bulging belly, and the dense stomach was like a dark color pattern of stretch marks, and asked two questions:

"Do children have menstruation recently?"

"Her belly has always been so big, or has it been bigger recently?"

After listening to Xiao Qing’s mother, she thought scared: Is the child pregnant?

But she thought carefully that her daughter was very regular every day in the past year.On the way to check, she whispered her daughter, and her daughter also strongly denied it.

After the CT and further examination, the results showed that it was not the fetus in the stomach of Xiaoqing, but the large ovarian cyst, with a volume size of 40cm × 30cm × 20cm. It is estimated that the sac in it exceeded 10 liters.

When Xiao Qing’s mother heard it, everyone was scared, and quickly called her husband.

Doctors suggest that they are surgery immediately.

After 3 hours of surgery, the doctor successfully cut off the cyst in Xiaoqing’s abdominal cavity, and also kept most of the hormones and fertility functions.After surgery, Xiaoqing resumed well, and the weight decreased by more than 30 pounds than before the operation. It was discharged from hospital for one week.

The main role of ovarian is ovulation and secretion hormones.Ovarian tissue self -repair every time ovulates to prepare for the next ovulation.In this process of self -repair, there will inevitably be some errors. Coupled with excessive stimulation of endocrine disorders, it may cause cysts.

The ovarian cyst refers to a liquid pocket full of liquid in the ovaries, which can be divided into two types: physiological and pathological.

Most physiological cysts are related to the menstrual cycle, such as luteal cysts developed from luteum, and filter cysts developed from follicles.Under normal circumstances, with the changes in the menstrual cycle, the size of a physiological cyst will also change, but it will not affect health and usually do not need to be treated.

The pathological cysts have nothing to do with the menstrual cycle, which can be subdivided into benign and malignant, and most of them are benign.

Common uterine endometriosis (chocolate cysts), mature teratoma, slurry or mucus cyinoma, and fallopian tube abscesses, while malignant cysts and cyst gland cancer are malignant.

Wang Xuefeng, director of the obstetrics and gynecology department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, pointed out that the high incidence of ovarian cysts is 20-50 years old. Among them, malignant cysts are good for middle-aged and elderly women over 50 years old.

Why did you suddenly have a cyst?It may be related to these four reasons.

Genetic factors: Ovarian cysts have a certain hereditary. If the mother or sisters have a history of ovarian cysts, the prevalence of ovarian cysts will also be higher;

Dietary factors: Eating too much high fat/high cholesterol food, irregular diet, or hyperlipidemia itself may cause physical function to decrease, and then induce ovarian cysts;

Endocrine factors: Some studies have found that if the dysfunction of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovaries in the body may cause pathological disorders of hormone secretion and induce ovarian cysts;

Environmental factors: For example, if the living environment is harsh, long -term sucking second -hand smoke, long -term ionizing radiation, etc., to a certain extent, it will affect women’s reproductive systems, cause abnormal function and hormone secretion in the reproductive system, and then cause ovarian cysts.

Ovarian cysts generally have no symptoms, but for a long time, complications may occur, causing some discomfort.

1. Broken

Once the ovarian cyst is broken, the patient’s lower abdomen will have severe pain.

If it is a luteal cyst rupture, it may lead to serious primary selection; if it is a chocolate cyst rupture, it may turn the pelvic adhesion to increase the risk of infertility.

2. Reverse

When the ovarian cyst is large, the changes in severe physical activity or posture may be reversed by the cyst ethics, and patients will have symptoms such as acute and violent lower abdominal pain, fever and blurred consciousness.

It may also affect the blood supply of the ovarian, which leads to necrosis of ovarian tissue.

3. Cancer change

In rare cases, some types of ovarian cysts will develop into ovarian cancer.

How far is the ovarian cyst from cancer?This requires two cases.

The first is simply ovarian cysts:

If the diameter of the cyst is below 5 cm, it is recommended to review it every three months to follow the observation; if the cyst does not disappear after half a year, or it becomes larger, further inspection should be made to clarify its nature;The diameter exceeds 5 cm, it is recommended to do surgical resection.

Second, ovarian chocolate cysts:

This situation belongs to a typical symptom of endometriosis. Although it is benign, it will cause metastases and recurrence, and there may be cancerous.

Whether it is single -round, multi -round, separated, or relapsed ovarian chocolate cysts, it is recommended to perform interventional treatment under ultrasound guidance.This treatment method has less trauma to the body, and the patient’s pain is relatively small.

In addition to ovarian cysts, there are many common gynecological diseases, and their occurrences are closely related to sex. It is recommended that women should prevent prevention.If girls suffer from these gynecological diseases, it is recommended to call a partner to do it together.

1. Pelvic inflammatory disease

The high risk factors of pelvic inflammatory disease include poor menstrual hygiene habits, menstrual life, more sexual partners, and sexual partners with sexually transmitting diseases.

If there is a sexual life within 60 days before the symptoms occur, it is recommended that their sexual partners go to the hospital as soon as possible to test whether there is a sexually transmitted disease to reduce the risk of re -infection.

2. Cervicitis

Once there is a stable sex life, the women’s reproductive tract is relatively open at this time.Especially after childbirth, miscarriage or related surgery operation, the cervix will be damaged to a certain extent, and the cervix is more prone to infection.

3. HPV infection

The main ways to spread the HPV infection of women’s reproductive tract are sexual contact, so high -incidence people are young women with more active sexual life.If men are infected with HPV, most of them will not develop, but they can be transmitted to girls through sexual life (no condoms).

4. vaginitis

If boys suffer from infectious foreskin balanitis and do not take any safety measures during sex, the germs may be transmitted to girls, causing girls to suffer from vaginitis.Conversely, if girls change vaginitis, they may also be transmitted to boys.Therefore, vaginitis is often repeated and difficult to cure. The reason behind it may be cross -infection.

Do not want gynecological diseases, you must pay attention to personal hygiene, such as changing panties daily and underwear every day; clean the vulva with warm water, especially before and after sexual life.Constitution; do not use pads for a long time, otherwise it is easy to breed bacteria and cause gynecological diseases such as vaginitis; during menstruation, sexual life and bathing should be prohibited; more exercise should be done daily to enhance the body’s immune function.

If you find that the lower abdomen has a sense of compression, swelling, pain, or tingling, or sudden abdominal pain occurs, at the same time accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible to clarify the cause and symptomatic treatment.

Reference materials:

[1] "Girl’s belly is as big as" Foot Moon "is actually ovarian cyst". Guangdong Science and Technology News. 20121-09-21

[2] "Early detection of ovarian cysts early treatment". Health Times. 2006-03-23

[3] "Check out various cysts, which will be cancer?". Health. 20121-04-12


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