During pregnancy diet is an important guarantee for pregnant women and fetal health. Reasonable eating habits can reduce the risk of complications during pregnancy and fetal malformations.However, many expectant mothers do not know enough about the safety of some food.Today, we will introduce you to the "red and black list" of diet during pregnancy, and focus on analyzing four kinds of foods: chocolate, leek, pineapple, mango.
▶ Red list: dietary safety during pregnancy
1. Deep sea fish
Deep sea fish rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, cod, salmon, etc., have a positive effect on the intellectual development and eye vision of the fetus.However, deep -sea fish also has a certain mercury content. Excessive consumption will affect the fetus’s nervous system. Therefore, expectant mothers should eat appropriately and do not exceed twice a week.
Milk is an important part of the diet during pregnancy. They are rich in nutrients such as protein, calcium, vitamin D and other nutrients, which helps the healthy development of fetal bones and teeth.Expectant mothers should eat 2-3 cups of milk or yogurt a day.
3. Vegetables and fruits
Vegetables and fruits are an essential part of diet during pregnancy. They are rich in nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, cellulose and other nutrients, and have great benefits to pregnant women and fetuses.Specific mothers should try to choose fresh, pesticide -free vegetables and fruits, and diverse intake of various colors of fruits and vegetables to satisfy the various nutrients needed by the body.
▶ Black list: dietary taboos during pregnancy
1. Alcohol drink
Alcohol will enter the fetus directly through the placenta, which will cause irreversible damage to its nervous system and organ development. Therefore, expectant mothers should completely quit alcohol.
2. Raw meat and fish
Both raw meat and raw fish have parasites and bacteria, such as Toxoplasma, Salmonella, etc., which can easily lead to infection and food -oriented diseases.Therefore, expectant mothers should avoid eating raw meat and raw fish, and try to choose foods that have been cooked.
3. Coffee and tea
Coffee and tea drinks contain caffeine. Excessive intake will affect the fetal nervous system and cardiovascular system. Therefore, expectant mothers should limit the daily intake of coffee and tea. It is recommended that no more than 200 mg of caffeine per day.
4. Cheese and raw products
There are high bacterial content in cheese and raw products, which can easily lead to food -oriented diseases.Therefore, expectant mothers should choose cheese and products that have been cooked to avoid eating raw products.
▶ Chocolate, leek, pineapple, mango and other foods need to be cautious
Chocolate is a kind of food that is favored by pregnant women. Chocolate is rich in cocoa polyphenol. It is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect cardiovascular and improve blood circulation.However, chocolate contains caffeine and alkaline, and excessive intake can adversely affect the fetus.Therefore, expectant mothers should limit the intake of chocolate, not more than 30 grams per day, and try to choose chocolate with less alkali.
Suggestion: The amount of chocolate consumption daily for pregnant women should be controlled below 30 grams.
Leeks are rich in calcium, iron, folic acid, vitamin A and vitamin C.However, the volatile oil garlic ketone in the leek has a stimulating effect, which may cause uterine contraction and cause premature birth.In addition, leek contains a certain amount of aromatic hydrocarbon, and long -term consumption can easily lead to anemia and fetal deformity.
Suggestion: Pregnant women can cook leeks and eat them before eating. Do not eat more than 50 grams each time.
Pineapple is rich in ingredients such as vitamin C and solubility, and long -term consumption can easily lead to abortion and premature birth problems.
Suggestion: Pregnant women can eat an appropriate amount of fresh pineapple or canned pineapple that is heated. Do not eat more than 100 grams each time.
Mango is rich in vitamin C and cellulose, which are beneficial to pregnant women and fetuses.However, mango also contains a certain amount of sugar, and excessive consumption will cause blood sugar to rise.Therefore, expectant mothers should eat mango in moderation.
Suggestion: The amount of mango daily for pregnant women should be controlled below one, and the weight of each mango should not exceed 200 grams.
Dietary diet is essential for maternal and infant health.During pregnancy, expectant mothers should avoid eating some potential food -oriented diseases, such as raw meat, raw fish and raw dairy products.At the same time, for some high -calorie, high -fat, high -sugar foods such as chocolate, candy, potato chips, etc., expectant mothers should take appropriate intake to avoid excessive weight loss and increase blood sugar.For some nutritious foods, such as eggs, beans, fish, etc., expectant mothers can eat it in moderation and should ensure that sufficient protein, calcium, iron, vitamin and other nutrient intake should be guaranteed.