Many pregnant mothers suffer from edema in the later period, especially some people are obviously not very fat, but because of the seriousness of edema, they give people fat and beep.At this time, seeing a pregnant mother who is not very swollen, it is inevitable that they are envious. In fact, the cause of swelling does not cause edema and personal constitution. As long as it is not a pathological edema, wait patiently until the child is born!
Will pregnant women must be edema?80%of pregnant mothers will have a physiological lower limb edema when pregnancy is close to a full month. The larger the number of perians, the more obvious the edema.It is edema of ankle and legs.
4 Cause causes physiological edema
However, the severity of the edema of each pregnant woman is different, and the more fertility is, the more obvious the edema.Different causes of edema, coupled with personal physical factors, make it the same as edema, but the severity of each person is different.There are 4 reasons in the body retention of water:
1. Plasma osmotic pressure in the body will decrease, causing water to accumulate from the blood to the tissue gaps of the lower limbs.The more decreased, the more the amount of the water retention tissue is.
2. In the later stages of pregnancy, the gradually larger uterus will compress the lower cavity veins and pelvic veins on the right side of the body, causing venous blood to flow back to the heart discomfort, causing venous blood to stay.
3. When the pregnancy is close to the full moon during pregnancy, the increase in prostaglandin secretion will cause the relaxation and excessive expansion of the venous vascular tube wall, leading to the inadequate locking of the venous valve, and the occurrence of varicose veins.
4. Pregnancy increases the release of antidic hormones, causing water to stay in the body.
The edema caused by the above factors is called physiological edema, and simple physiological edema occurs mostly below the thighs of pregnant women.
In addition to edema, there are annoying varicose veins that trouble pregnant mothers
The arteries are responsible for transporting the blood to the organs throughout the body, and then the blood is sent back to the heart by the vein.The operation of the lower limb vein is completed through the contraction of the leg muscles and venous valves. However, when the venous vein excessive expansion and the insufficiency of the valve in the present limbs will cause blood to accumulate in the lower limbs, cause edema, and even venous curvature.The varicose veins will become obvious as the number of fertility tires increases.The symptoms of mild after production will slow down, and those with severe levels may require surgery.
Be careful of pathological edema
Compared with the physiological edema caused by pregnancy, the pathological edema caused by cardiovascular disease, liver and kidney disease, autoimmune disease or pregnancy complications (such as pregnancy hypertension, puzzle elastic epilepsy) requires alert mothers to increase alertness!Physiological edema often occurs near the month, but pathological edema will occur early during the second pregnancy, and the earlier, the more serious the situation is, the more serious the situation is, and the pregnant mother must strengthen self -monitoring.If the edema of pregnant mothers appears outside the lower limbs, including: face, upper limbs, perineum and other parts of the whole body, and their weight suddenly rises rapidly (usually an increase of 0.3 to 0.5 kg per week during the third pregnancy, if the weight increases rapidly, pay attention)There are also symptoms of blood pressure soaring, or symptoms of merging headache or blurred vision, which may be signal of pathological edema.If the pregnant mother’s lower limb edema is merged with hypertension and proteinuria, it must be careful of preliga.If the pregnant mother originally had the above -mentioned dangerous factors in the internal medicine disease, it was necessary to regularly check in and communicate with the doctor in a timely manner to ensure that the mother and child were safe.
Severe edema severity
Is it edema?Or fat?Stretch out the tibia in front of the calf for about two seconds, let go of the hand, and observe the degree of recovery, you can judge whether it is fat or edema.If the skin is also concave, the deeper the depression, the more serious the edema.
In addition, the severity of the edema is observed, simply physiological edema, which is limited to the phenomenon of edema in the lower limbs; if it is pathological edema, the edema parts are all over the body, reminding pregnant mothers, if there is edema, blood pressure is soaring, headache, headache, headacheThe phenomenon of vague vision occurs, please be a doctor immediately. Do not wait until the delivery, because this may be a sign of pre -eclampsia.
Systemic edema + pregnancy hypertension + proteinuria = pre -eclampsia
Oclampsia, known as obstetric killer, refers to the systemic organ damage of pregnancy hypertension with systemic organ damage (including proteinuria, liver and kidney dysfunction, central nervous symptoms, platelets, or pulmonary edema).Prelas of eclampsia will not only cause huge damage to the mother, but also affect the placental function, causing fetal growth, premature birth, and even increase the risk of maternal death in the per week.Simple self -monitoring method is the blood pressure measurement and assessment of urine protein for each birth of pregnant mothers.The definition of pregnancy hypertension is the case of hypertension after 20 weeks of pregnancy, that is, the systolic blood pressure is greater than 140mmHg or the diastolic pressure is greater than 90mmHg.
If there is a history of hypertension before pregnancy, or being diagnosed with hypertension after pregnancy, the habit of quantity blood pressure should be developed on weekdays to monitor changes in blood pressure.For pregnant mothers with hypertension with white robe phobia, every time they go to the hospital for delivery, blood pressure is inexplicable than usual. At this time, you can also take the record of monitoring blood pressure at home to reference for the doctor’s examination.High -risk pregnant mothers please measure regularly, and make records. During the checkup, let the doctor evaluate.
There will be mild diabetes and proteinuria during pregnancy. Normal proteinuria during the third pregnancy is about 150 to 200 mg a day. If the results of the urine protein test of the birth test appear + ++, you must worry about the possibility of pre -eclampsia.Once the pregnant mother is diagnosed with pre -eclampies, in addition to controlling blood pressure to avoid the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents, the final treatment is to take the fetus and placenta, and all symptoms will slowly disappear.Therefore, please be sure to cooperate with the doctor’s order. Obstetricians and you discuss the safest fetal birth weeks with you, so that the mother’s fetus can be safe during pregnancy.
Why is there proteinuria for pregnancy?
The blood volume in the body during pregnancy will increase by 50%. In order to cope with a large increase in blood volume, the pregnant mother’s kidneys will become a super filtration system. The glomerular filtration rate increases by about 25-50%.Carvinine will decrease, but there will be slight diabetes and proteinuria, which will be about 150 to 200 mg a day in normal proteinuria during the third pregnancy.However, common pregnancy complications can cause eclampsia or kidney disease, and autoimmune diseases may cause abnormal renal dysfunction and cause increased protein loss in urine.A large amount of protein loss of blood will cause the plasma osmotic pressure in the body to rapidly decrease, which not only easily cause lower limb edema, but also may cause fatal pulmonary edema in severe cases.
5 Method to prevent and reduce lower limb edema
Pregnant mothers can prevent or reduce the discomfort of lower limb edema through the following 5 methods:
method 1.Adjust posture and exercise
Avoid standing or sitting for a long time during work, and move your bones in a timely manner.Pregnant mothers can still maintain a good habit of exercise after pregnancy according to their physical condition. Use 10 minutes of leg -lifting exercise before going to bed daily, which can also help prevent or reduce the symptoms of lower limb edema.
Method 2．Adjust your sleeping position and a full rest
Try to take the left side as much as possible when you rest and sleep.Because the right side of the body is responsible for transporting the lower cavity vein of the blood to return to the heart. If you maintain a flat or lying on the right side for a long time, you will compress the lower cavity vein on the right, which will cause the venous blood to flow back smoothly and increase the heart of the heart.Buried, causing edema.
Method 3．Elastic decompression socks
Wearing medical elastic decompression socks can help prevent or reduce the symptoms of lower limb edema, and even prevent the occurrence of lower limb thrombosis.When purchasing, the size of the medical socks should be determined according to the ankle, calf and thighs.
Method 4.Soak your feet and leg massage
When taking a bath, you can soak the calf with warm water for about 10 minutes; after bathing, you can massage your legs, massage from your toes to ankle, and then massage up and down from the calf belly to the thighs. Be careful not to reflect massage like a folk foot.Press the soles of the foot to avoid causing uterine contraction to avoid causing pain reactions.
Method 5.Reduce high oil and high -salt diet
In addition to a balanced diet, pregnant mothers also need to increase the intake of high -quality proteins such as animal and soybeans, and reduce the dietary habits of high oil and high -salt.Because the salt is high and the content of sodium is also high, if the sodium in the body is excessively accumulated, it will not only destroy the balance of the body’s osmotic pressure and cause potassium loss; it will also cause the water to stay in the blood vessels and cause blood pressure to rise.Due to the high salt, the processing food has increased sodium content. If it is often eaten, it has a adverse effect on blood pressure control. Try to eat natural foods with low sodium content as much as possible.Adult sodium is recommended to not exceed 2400 mg per day, about 6 grams of salt.
It’s all edema, do you still have to drink water?
The severity of edema is closely related to the infiltration of blood. The blood volume in the body during pregnancy will increase by 50%. It is the most important thing to supplement enough water.At this time, you should not deliberately reduce water intake to improve edema, but reduce salt intake.Because the higher the salt in the body, the more sodium, the higher the osmotic pressure, resulting in water retention in the body, which is even more inferior to edema.Conversely, if the pregnant mother is insufficient, the blood irrigation flow of the placenta and umbilical cord will decrease and indirectly affect the health of the fetus, so the daily water intake must be sufficient!