In recent years, many TV stations have attracted many audiences’ attention on the entire process of live maternal delivery on the screen, but it has also aroused many controversy.Childbirth, ancient and modern is a major event in life.So, what are the exquisite births of ancient pregnant women?
The "childbirth map" in Chongqing Dazu stone carvings reflects the way of giving birth to children in the Southern Song Dynasty.
"The Source of Diseases" records: "People who are sitting must sit up and hold the ribs and waist"
In people’s impressions and modern film and television dramas, pregnant women are lying down, that is, lying on childbirth.Is the ancients give birth?No, ancient pregnant women are generally "sitting and having children."
In the "The Source of the Diseases · Women and the Once" written by the Nest Fang of the Sui Dynasty.That is, there are sitting positions and lying postures during childbirth.However, the first choice of ancient pregnant women is sitting and delivery, which belongs to "vertical delivery". In addition to "sitting", standing, squatting, and kneeling are also vertical delivery.In other words, ancient pregnant women gave birth to children, including "sitting and living", "standing", "kneeling", "squatting" and other positions.
At least two people were given birth during vertical delivery, one of them hugged the waist of pregnant women from behind."The Source of the Source" states: "If you are sitting, you must sit up and hold the ribs and hold the ribs.
Compared with the horizontal delivery, the advantages of vertical delivery are obvious, which can greatly reduce the dystocia.The Tang Dynasty Wang Yan’s "Outer Taiwan Secrets · Outlets of Milk Production" quoted "Luan Gong Duan Qi Fang" recorded: there is one person, one sister and two daughters died because of difficulty in giving birth. Later, his daughter -in -law came to the mountains.Find the guidance of the expert.According to the opinion of the "obstetrics and gynecology experts" in Shanli, this person cleaned up a house as a temporary delivery room for daughter -in -law: "Three or four, hanging ropes, wooden, and high degree.The armpits have to rely on the balance and apply slow felt, and I am afraid that the grass will fall into the grass by mistake. "It uses" standing "during delivery, holding the hanging horizontal wood, and it really gave birth to the child smoothly.
This vertical delivery can be seen in the stone carvings of Chongqing.In the stone carvings of the "Live Products", a woman standing behind the pregnant woman, and the half -squatting -in -in -laws were preparing to take the birth.This group of stone carvings in the Southern Song Dynasty was an important information for studying the method of childbirth in ancient pregnant women.
When giving birth in ancient pregnant women, different childbirth methods are often adopted according to the changes in the birth.For example, in the Song Dynasty, pregnant women have used sitting positions, but they will also use other ways.In the "The Theory of the Ten Extraordinary", Yang Kanghou, a medical scientist in the Song Dynasty, said: "The child will want to give birth, his mother is tired, and the long -seated chair mattresses will be born."At this time, it is necessary to let the pregnant woman stand in a standing posture: "You must use a hand towel to tie the heights, so that the mother climb it with his hands", and then, "gently flex the foot as sitting, the households are diastolic, and the child will be born."
Vertical delivery is not just the choice of ancient Chinese pregnant women, as is it abroad.For example, there is an relief in the ancient palace of the ancient Egyptian law. The content of the painting is the last queen’s Capilla Batla’s delivery scene. The Queen uses the "kneeling posture" in vertical delivery.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, the maternal mattress was matched in the room, and her husband accompanied him.Outside the house, a woman hugged her baby in a high base basin and stood next to a waitress.(Unearthed from the Dunhuang Tibetan Sutra)
"Historical Records" records: "Lu Xian has six children, and it is cut off and produced"
In ancient times with poor medical conditions, having children was indeed a dangerous thing, so the ancients said that having children was a "ghost door."In order to reduce the mortality rate of pregnant women, the ancients conducted many beneficial explorations in terms of childbirth, such as "cesarean section". China had appeared more than 2,000 years ago.The earliest "cesarean section" records were seen in Sima Qian’s "Historical Records of the Chu Shijia": "Wu Huisheng Lu end.
Wu Hui gave birth to his son Lu Na, and Lu finally married his wife and daughter. The six sons born of the female crickets are all cesarean section, which is the so -called "坼".Wu Hui and Lu Nin are both mythical characters in ancient times. Is this cesarean section credible?People have doubted all over the ages.The author of the book "Search God" and the Eastern Jin Dynasty Ganbao analyzed that Lu’s son’s son said "not delusion" and believed that the caesarean section was "harmless", and there was a poem saying: "harmless."
When the Three Kingdoms were not far away from Qianbao’s life, a cesarean section had a cesarean section, and Qianbao used this to prove the existence and feasibility of the cesarean section.According to the "Historical Collection Solution" of Liu Song historians in the Southern Dynasty, this caesarean section occurred in the first five years of Wei Huang (AD 224). When the emperor was Emperor Wei Wen Cao Yu, when the wife of the Runan people produced, "from the right," from the right, "from the right," from the right, "from the right," from the right,This is "cesarean section".After the origin of Wang’s cesarean section, "peaceful and comfortable, created in harmony for a few months, mother and child are not good."
Caesarean section is a non -normal childbirth method. The ancients often regarded it as a way for the sages of the gods to come to the world.In addition to Dayu, the ancestor of the Shang Dynasty, the mother Jane Di had a cesarean section.
Coincidentally, the cesarean section was also used when the ancient foreign emperors were born.In ancient Rome, Caesarean section was known as "the emperor’s cut", because a ancient Roman emperor was delivered by a caesarean section before.
It is worth noting that the earliest cesarean section surgery in ancient times should be performed in pregnant women.After dying of ancient pregnant women, they usually have a cesarean section, and they can only be buried after taking out the fetus.In ancient Rome, this one even became a hard rule. It was written into the law. It was not allowed to be buried without caesarean, and it was gradually accepted by living pregnant women.
"Compendium of Materia Medica" records: 芫 《《《《《《《《《《《《《《《《《《.
The ancient production and customs gradually enriched in the Song Dynasty, and a professional mother -in -law appeared.The mother -in -law, that is, as the saying goes, "picking up the wife", also has a variety of titles such as "sitting", "old mother", and "steady mother".Even the royal family, she needs to sit in.According to the "Three Three Things" of Ouyang Xiu in the Northern Song Dynasty, the palace girl Han Baoer was in delivery, and the court then "and" and "summoned more than ten people in the medical palace department, and the three of the mother -in -law entered."
The thirty -thirty -three time of "Jin Ping Mei Words" described Li Ping’er’s childbirth was taken over by "Lao Lao Cai": "This old lady Cai packed the child, bit the umbilical cord, buried clothes cells, boiled some soup, and sent Li Ping.When I eat it, the child is settled. "There are less than 40 texts, but the amount of information contains is quite rich.Among them, Lao Cai boiled Li Ping’er’s "remembered soup" most worth noting.In the painful production process, pregnant women consume great physical energy. After giving birth to a child, they can be said to be exhausted. In addition, they are frightened and mentally nervous. Drinking "reassinual soup" can not only relaxMaternal replenishment.
In addition to the postpartum "echo soup", the ancients also allowed pregnant women to take soup before or in production, commonly known as "spawning soup".This "drug oxyticism" method is similar to the effect of "oxytocin" giving mothers.
Chinese medicinal materials proven by modern medicine, etc., have been an important component of ancient "soups" in ancient times.Li Shizhen’s "Compendium of Materia Medica" said that "its roots have the effect of giving birth and falling tires"; the ceiling powder is "through the moon, and the tires are not cured."
The emergence technique is quite popular in the Song Dynasty."Women’s Daquan Formula" is a "spawning Dan", one of which is the formula: "Rabbit hair and skin are burned as gray, at the end, use the wine to adjust the square dagger, and serve it."
In addition to drugs, the ancients also had "painting spoils".For example, in the Song Dynasty, there are the births of the birthbroken, hippocampus, horses, and iron, or the customs that pregnant women hold in their hands. It is said that there are gods to avoid difficulty in birth.
"On the Heng" records: The temporary delivery rooms are mostly built in "Sheqiu Tomb" and "Lu Dao"
The ancients regarded pregnant women as "unclean" and even taboo at home in the early days, and men, including husbands, had to avoid.In ancient times, he did not go to the hospital to have children, so a temporary delivery room was often set up for delivery.
Where is the delivery room and how to arrange it, each dynasty is not the same.The Eastern Han Dynasty Wang Chong’s "On the Four Taber" records that the Qin and Han dynasties were generally "Sheqiu Tomb" and "Lu Dao", that is, next to the grave and road, a straw shed was used as a temporary delivery room.Before childbirth, the pregnant woman was moved into it and gave birth to a child for full moon before they could hold the child home.
When answering the child "Where did I get from?" Many mothers often say "picking it on the side of the road", or "the trees falling down", flickering children.The stool of its context is related to the early delivery room. Isn’t the child born in the temporary delivery room on the side of the road, isn’t it "picked up on the side of the road"?
The temporary delivery rooms are simple. Generally, straw and wheat straw on the ground are used as puzzles. Therefore, ancient children have "sitting grass", "just grass", "grass", and "falling grass".When paving grass, the ancients had to read the corresponding spells. According to Chen Ziming’s "Women’s University and Quanliang Fang · Sitting on the Moon Gate", the "Eighth" of the Ban Grass Method, the spell in the Song and Yuan Dynasties was:When it was the bronze of Wang Yiyan, the iron was ironed.
Most of the pregnant women during the Wei, Jin and Northern and Southern Dynasties were mostly in their own homes, which may be related to Dongyun Hou Xiao Baojuan.Xiao Baojuan has the habit of walking around, but does not want to see it. Before each travel, he sent someone to drive away the people he spent. It was necessary to set up a temporary delivery room on the roadside to build the home."Southern History · Qi Benji" records that a pregnant woman did not leave the roadside house, but Xiao Baojuan was "watching men and women" by Xiao Baojuan.Since then, the customs of temporary delivery rooms on the side of the road have changed.
Not only did all the childbirth venues change, but the noble pregnant women during this period also used the "high -level delivery room"."Southern History of the Concubine" records that Queen Zhang’s delivery room of Liang Liangwen in the Southern Dynasty was "garden -style". There was a garden in front of the delivery room. The space in the delivery room was spacious and a special bed.