Ordinary colds are the most common upper respiratory infectious diseases of human beings. Most of them are caused by virus (rhinovirus, coronary virus, para-influenza virus, respiratory tract hypertension, etc.).It can be cured in 7 days, no antiviral drug treatment, and no need to use "anti -inflammatory drugs" (drugs against bacteria).Cold treatment is mainly symptomatic treatment and relieve cold symptoms, and rest more, properly hydrate, keep indoor air circulation, and avoid secondary bacterial infections.
Patients with diagnosis can be treated with antiviral therapy for neuropine enzyme inhibitors (glyphosate) in time.Animal experiments show that the drug has no effect on fertility and has no teratogenicity.The monitoring results after listing show that during the application of this product prevention or treatment of influenza during pregnancy, the dose is not needed.Animal experiments show that Oasiswell and their active metabolites can be secreted from milk, but the concentration is extremely low. Therefore, it can be taken into consideration of Olydivir during breastfeeding.
When you have symptoms such as pus or cough or yellow pus, phlegm, hearing decreased, ear pain, etc., it is prompted to combine bacterial infections and you need to go to the doctor in time. After the doctor’s clear diagnosis, you can use the corresponding antibacterial drugs.
During a cold, various upper respiratory tracts and systemic symptoms can also bring physical discomfort to patients, affecting work and life. If they are not treated in a timely manner, in severe cases, symptoms such as nasal mucosal edema and throat edema cause unscrupulous breathing and shortness of breath.Or complications occur.What are the symptoms and what drugs are needed? Especially during pregnancy, how to choose a dazzling cold medicine?The pharmacist will help you answer.
1. What drugs can I choose to choose?
After a cold, symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and whole body soreness, especially when fever (generally> 38.5 ° C), you can choose antipyretics as needed to avoid long -term medication.
For acetylphenol, acetamin can inhibit the synthesis and release of prostaglandin in the central nervous system, play a role in solving heat and analgesic, and is currently the safest heating drug for pregnant women.As for the most commonly used children, pre -pregnancy can be used to weaken fertility and increase the risk of abortion; in a retrospective case comparison study, the use of ibuprofen before delivery has increased the risk of spontaneous abortion by 80%;Large doses in the later stages of pregnancy may cause premature closure of fetal arterial pipes; however, the drug is extremely effective for postpartum analgesic, and normal doses are relatively safe.
2. Which drugs can relieve the symptoms after a cold?
Nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing after a cold during pregnancy can be used to choose antihistamine, such as Malay acid chlorophenicoma, which can help reduce the discharge and reduce the symptoms of cough.Premature infant retinopathy syndrome, newborn respiratory suppression.The new generation of antihistamine, such as deerherezine, Setrizine and other drugs, the effect of anti -choline is mainly used for anti -allergies, not to alleviate the symptoms of colds.
The other type of commonly used is pseudohadine, which can shrink the mucous membrane blood vessels and selectively shrink the capillaries of the upper respiratory tract, eliminate the congestion and swelling of the mucosa of the nasopharynx, thereby reducing the symptoms of nasal congestion.However, this product can pass the placenta barrier. Some studies have shown that the incidence of abdominal cracks and intestinal locks will increase by about 4 times, and smoking will further increase this risk, so it is disabled in the early pregnancy.
Third, cough, what medicines can be selected?
Cough drugs are often used as one of the compound components of cold -resistant drugs. For example, the right Mishafen, women in the March of pregnancy are disabled, and can be selected as appropriate. No incidence of congenital deformities increases or other bad pregnancy results occur.
Fourth, phlegm, what should I do?
With sputum difficulty cough, you can choose expectorant drugs, which can make sputum thinner, reduce viscosity and easy to cough, or can accelerate the cilia of the respiratory tract mucosa cilia and improve sputum transfer function.
Acetylcysteine can reduce the consistency of sputum viscosity. In animal experiments, there is no teratogenicity and embryonic toxicity. When the detoxification agent is administered for the acetaminoltophen short -term drug use, no discovery is found to have risks to the fetus to the fetus.Therefore, the use of pregnancy and lactation is relatively safe.
Tao Jin Niang oil, by promoting dissolution and regulating the secretion, actively promotes the discharge, so that mucus is easy to discharge.There are very few adverse reactions and high oral safety.Existing experience shows that the use of pregnant women is not dangerous to use, but because it can enter milk and has no information during breastfeeding, it is recommended to use it with caution during breastfeeding.
Aurbuettosaccharides is a common expectorant drug. Dormation of clinical trials and a large number of clinical experience for 28 weeks of pregnancy shows that there is no adverse effect on pregnancy, but due to safety considerations, cautious selection is still needed within 3 months of pregnancy.
The compound ingredients are commonly used in cough and phlegm drugs. They are mostly created picillin gly glycerin, but there are no cases of reporting or strict control research during pregnancy.
In summary, try to choose a single ingredient drug as much as possible after a cold to avoid repeated medication. When choosing a compound ingredient drug, it is recommended to see the ingredients. You can choose the drug with the least impact on the fetus and alleviate your own symptoms.
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 Wu Xiaoyan. Pregnant cold and safe medication [C]. The Chinese Medical Association Clinical Pharmaceutical Branch 2015 National Academic Conference Paper Collection. 2015.