Bao mothers have to know the treatment and nursing guidelines that infant eczema treatment and nursing, it is recommended to collect it!

Infant eczema is a shallow dermis and epidermal inflammation caused by a variety of internal and external factors. Ancient books are called "tinea", "tire convergence sores", "yellow fat sores", "immersion sores" and so on.Its main characteristics are severe itching. The acute phase is mainly erythema and pimples, but there is a tendency to exudate. The chronic period is mainly moss -like, but it is easy to recur.Herpes and blisters are often damaged due to scratching and friction.Itching is severe, and children often cry, affecting diet, sleep, growth and development, and changes in personality. They can also delay the normal vaccination of children and increase the probability of suffering from various diseases.

The cause of the cause of the cause of the disease is complicated. The main factors are: ① Family genetic history: One of the most important influencing factors of infant eczema is the history of allergies, and the incidence of infant eczema increases by 2.46 times.② Diet during pregnancy: Eat a large number of large molecular foods during pregnancy, such as crab, shrimp, sea fish, etc., affecting the incidence of eczema in infant eczema.③ Smoking: Smoking during pregnancy, smoking second -hand smoke, and the risk of eczema in infant eczema increased, 1.3 times that of the smoke -free environment.④ Feeding factors: The infant’s autoimmune system is immature, and the normal intestinal flora is established later. Add supplementary foods prematurely, eat a lot of sea fish, crab, shrimp, eggs, etc. A large amount of food protein in the baby causes eczema.⑤ Environmental factors: Pets in the home, planting flowers and plants in the room, mites in the room, mildew, humidifiers and carpets in the room, all of which will increase the risk of eczema in the baby.

According to the nature of eczema skin lesions, eczema is divided into acute eczema, subacute eczema, and chronic eczema.Acute eczema manifests as urgent onset, and rash is symmetrically distributed. Often, there are mostly dense needles to small pimples and pimples on the basis of erythema. There are small blisters in severe cases.Due to scratching, it is obviously exudate and erosion. Pay attention to controlling infection. It is best to use 1%-3%boric acid solution to wet wet, then apply zinc oxide oil, use antibiotics and hormones, etc.Reduce or stop, continue to treat with tea oil, antibiotics, and hormone ointments.The sub -acute eczema, the skin is more red, does not exudate, or seeps less. It can be treated with antibiotic ointment and hormone ointment.Chronic eczema, the affected area often has thicker skin, pigmentation, rough surface, and long course of the disease. You can choose drugs with a stronger hormone grading. After controlling the condition, you can use weaker hormone drugs.Various types of eczema should be used to protect the skin with moisturizing agent; oral probiotics can make the intestinal microbial flora in children reach balance and improve immunity.

In addition to drug treatment, high -quality care is required.

1. Environmental care: The rooms are often cleaned and kept clean and tidy. Daily open windows are opened to ventilate the air.

2. Drug care: use drugs in time, pay attention to the reasonable matching of antibiotics and hormone ointments, correctly grasp the amount of medication, and take the time of medication.

3. Skin care: After infants suffer from eczema, avoid stimulation and overclaiming the skin and strengthen care.Avoid long -term irradiation of sunlight and ultraviolet rays.Reduce the number of babies bathing, avoid using strong cleaning objects such as soap. It is advisable to take a bath time of 5 min.Choose cotton loose clothes, it is best to go through the sun.Because itching children often scratch, they should cut their nails frequently and wash their hands to keep their hands clean.Use soft and water -absorbing urine to be wet, and change urine frequently to prevent urine from stimulating infant skin.Tea oil has the effects of clearing heat, sterilization, moisturizing the skin, and coating tea oil to promote yellow crusts and fall off. The non-infiltrated eczema can apply tea oil 3-5 times a day.

4. Diet care: Promote breastfeeding, especially for babies from 1 month to 6 months after birth, such as mixed feeding and artificial feeding, you should observe and record the skin lesions of children, and timely discover allergies to prevent allergies.Mother should avoid risk foods such as crab, shrimp, sea fish.When the baby adds supplementary food for 6 months, from less to more, a single to multiple steps.Every time you add a supplementary food, you need to observe for a few days, and another kind of paving is added without abnormal conditions.

5 Nursing learning: Learn from medical staff about infant eczema related knowledge, pay attention to adding supplementary food methods for children, master the method of correcting the eczema site correctly, and apply appliance cream in time.

6. Psychological care: Babies cannot express their own needs through language. They have a tension and fear of mild stimulus and unfamiliar people. When communicating with the baby, the language should be kind and the movements should be lightweight.

In short, infant eczema should be treated correctly with glucocorticoids to control the infection with antibiotics in a timely manner, and adopt high -quality nursing measures such as environmental care, diet care, and skin care.Food and hair.If the family has a history of allergies, it is not advisable to add allergic foods such as fish, shrimp, and crabs prematurely.In terms of life, avoiding and excluding factors that can stimulate skin such as fur, friction, soap, etc.Do not receive or inject various preventive needles during the disease to prevent serious adverse reactions.When you fall asleep at night, you can wear gloves to the children to prevent secondary infections from scratching the affected area.Only when doctors and their families work together and cooperate with treatment can they achieve more effort.

references:

[1] Sun Lodong, Yu Lei.Children’s Dermatology [M].Shen Yang: Liaoning Science and Technology Press, 2016: 122.

[2] Zhang Xia.Analysis of infant eczema from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine [treating diseases "[J].Chinese Chinese and Western Medicine Integrated Pediatrics, 2018, 10 (2): 180-182.

[3] Zhang Qiwen, Zhu Jinthan.Practical Chinese Medicine Pediatric Science [M].Beijing: China Traditional Chinese Medicine Publishing House, 2016: 1129.

[4] Li Xiaorui, Zhu Lihong, Li Ping. The research status and progress of infant eczema related factors [J]. Xinjiang Medicine, 2016, 46 (12): 1555-1558.

[5] Zhou Qin, Ye Kan. Related factors of eczema of infants and young children [J]. Chinese children’s health magazine, 2017, 25 (12): 1236-1238.

[6] Guo Chunquan, Xia Xiaolong, Wu Yiping. Investigation and study of early eczema factors in infants [J]. China Magazine, 2017, 28 (2): 144-146.

[7] 20 clinical analysis of baby eczema for baby eczema [J] .WORLD LATEST Medicine Information (Electronic Version), 2018, 18 (17): 94-96.

[8] Ji Jingmin. New progress of infant eczema prevention and treatment [J]. Heilongjiang Medical, 2015, 35 (12): 1388-1391.

[9] Lu Jingjing, Zheng Yuanquan, Fu Guili. External glucocortic hormone combined with Fu Xidi sterile cream on infant eczema [J]. Chongqing Medical, 2017, 46 (21): 2921-2922.

[10] Wei Kun. Intestinal probiotics for 75 cases of infant eczema [J]. Journal of Armed Police Logistics College, 2017, 26 (1): 62-63.

[11] He Haizhen, Wu Suping, Chen Xudong. Details of details in infant eczema treatment and recurrence prevention [J]. Modern Chinese doctors, 2015, 53 (24): 154-157.

[12] Zhang Wenjing. The impact of high-quality care on children with eczema of new babies [J]. Qilu Nursing Magazine, 2017, 23 (24): 77-79.

[13] Cao Wei. High-quality care on the clinical efficacy of infant eczema and the impact of quality of life [J]. Practical clinical nursing magazine, 2017, 2 (12): 138-139.

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